Fleas normally become a problem when there are pets in the premises. The main flea species in Australia are cat flea, dog flea, and human flea.
Fleas are small (adult fleas range from 2-4mm), wingless, brown colour and oval shape external parasites. They have small antennae and mouthparts for piercing and sucking. Fleas able to jump more than 200 times their body length. Depending on the species, fleas feed on human and/or animal’s blood.
Fleas required treatment because they can spread thymus disease, transmit tapeworm larvae, and are also known for transmitting plague from wild rodents to humans.
There are four stages that make up the life cycle of a flea: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. The eggs are tiny, white and oval shaped. Adult females lay 4-8 eggs in a cluster on the host animal after a blood feeding. These eggs are commonly found indoors in floor cracks, crevices, skirtings, edges of the rug, furniture and especially pet beddings.
These eggs then transform to a translucent worm-like larva that is covered in bristles. Larva feed on organic matter such as dead skin, hair, faces of the adult fleas. The next stage larvae begin weaving a cocoon and become pupae.
These Pupas grow into adult fleas inside a cocoon that sticks to pet hair, carpet, dust, grass cuttings and many more until they sense vibration, pressure, heat, noise or carbon dioxide that signifies that a potential host and blood source is near.
When adult fleas emerge from their cocoons, they are ready for their first blood feed. They are active, crawling and jumping in hair or fur. Fleas must feed on blood before it is capable of reproducing. Overall, the cycle from egg to adult takes from approximately two weeks to eight months. Under ideal conditions, then female fleas can multiply over 1/4 million fleas in just one month!
If you see signs of fleas (egg or adult) or you experience symptoms of flea bites, such as itchiness at the bite site; red and swollen lump that develops within half hour of being bitten; blister at the site of the wheel that appear one day after and bites primarily on the legs and feet, feel free to contact us to confirm whether you have flea problem at your property.
Depending on the severity, we might need to visit your property to identify which stage of the flea life cycle before deciding on a treatment method. Our technician might also need to treat some outdoor areas and subfloors. Contact us for a free no-obligation quote for your flea treatment.